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Legal Dictionary Q

Quantum

Latin: amount or extent.

Quantum meruit

Latin for "as much as is deserved." A legal principle under which a person should not be obliged to pay, nor should another be allowed to receive, more than the value of the goods or services exchanged.

Quasi-judicial

A term referring to decisions made by administrative tribunals or government officials to which the rules of natural justice apply. In judicial decisions, the principles of natural justice always apply, but between routine government policy decisions and the traditional court forums lies a hybrid, sometimes called a "tribunal" or "administrative tribunal" and not necessarily presided over by judges. This hybrid operates as a government policy-making body at times but also exercises a licensing, certifying approval or other adjudication authority which is "judicial" because it directly affects the legal rights of a person. Some law teachers suggest that there is no such thing as a "quasi-judicial" decision or body; the body or decision is either judicial or not.

Quid pro quo

Latin: "something for something". The giving of something having value in exchange for a different thing of equal value.

Quorum

The number of people who must be present at a meeting before business can be conducted. Without a "quorum", decisions are invalid. Many organizations have a quorum requirement to prevent decisions being taken without a majority of members present. Typically, a quorum is one more than half of those who are members.

Quo warranto

A Latin term: refers to that special legal procedure taken to stop a person or organization from doing something for which it may not have the legal authority, by demanding to know by what right the controversial authority is exercised.